Bank YWT (new)
Thorton le Dale
Recorders: Ian Popely, Graham Oliver and Paul Cogan Walk Time:
Ellerburn Bank is a 3 ha. grassland site sloping south-east on oolitic limestone on the southern edge of the North York Moors near Pickering. Despite its modest size, it is one of the most extensive areas of unimproved limestone grassland remaining in the North York Moors . It was notified as a SSSI in 1983 and has been managed as a nature reserve by the Yorkshire Wildlife Trust (YWT) since 1966, having been informally managed for nature conservation perhaps for the previous decade. The flora and fauna of the site is exceptional for the region, with over 150 species of plant recorded including large displays of Cowslip in spring, orchids in early summer and Gentians in late summer . Flowering plants of regional note include Dropwort, Woolly Thistle, Saw-wort, Fly Orchid Ophrys and Greater Butterfly Orchid. The site is noted for its extensive Lepidoptera fauna , including butterflies of regional note such as Dark Green Fritillary and Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages, and the site also supports a population of Glow-worm Lampyris noctiluca. Management of the reserve currently consists of low-intensity winter grazing by Hebridean sheep and rotational scrub clearance.
The upper, northwestern margin borders an agricultural field and consists of a Bronze Age earthwork (a double ditch and bank) partially covered with Hawthor and Blackthorn scrub, S4 (record bank side only ) and S5 whilst the lower, south-eastern side bordered by forestry S7, consists of a patchwork of taller grass and Gorse following the lowest path. S1 follows the north east boundary dry stone wall and is favoured by Wall brown and Dingy skippers and lizards. The southern edge is sheltered and changes to isolated gorse bushes S3 returns to teh entrance and S4 follows the ditch southwards.
After two cracking good years numbers have fallen back only marginally and held up well during teh poor summer of 2020 but it may well have benefitted from the long hot dry spring. Skippers were down along with Green viened white and Speckled wood which coudl be related to the spring drought but its great to see the Wall back in good numbers and small tortoiseshell after years in teh doldrums have a boom year along with Small copper and to a degree Dark Green Fritillary. A good deal of estimating had to be done for the spring species so its difficult to comment . Overall things look in good shape.