East Cottingwith Nr York
Recorder: Fiona Bruce Distance: 2200m Walk Time approx: 1hour 15mins
This vergeside transect was created to monitor the villages verge maintenance project designed to increase wildflowers and thus biodiversity.
S1 is a small grassy area at the edge of the village which shows no particualr species favouring.
S2 and S3 Verges are favoured by Orange Tips and Holy Blue
S3 is favoured by Ringlet, Gatekeepe,r Small Skipper and Small White
S4 is best for Common Blue and large numbers of Meadow Browns.
Good to see counts up on this site as most sites are close to average making 2022 the best year yet by a good percentage. The Skippers and the Cabbage whites were up but Brimstone and Orange Tip are somewhat down which is contrary the county trends . Brown Argus is up which is very much the county trend this year as is Speckled wood which boomed in September. The Vanessids however are very much down particularly Peacock which is very much the county trend suffering very badly in the heat and drought. The Browns were all very much up as was teh county trend but particularly Gatekeeper which boomed on almost every site. Longer term the Browns are showing a steady rise which might reflect changes in how the verges are managed
Despite the vagaries of the weather and Most transect being down Langrickgate on fell back very slightly and has been a consistant performer over its three years of operations which is an achievement with 2019 being such an exceptional year for many transects. There have been changes but they tend to balance out Brimstome and gatekeepr had very good years which matches teh experionce on many transects and smal tortoishell continues to boom rising sharply again as with most transects . The othe rbrowns had a OK year but green viened white showed an increase. Speckled wood decreased as it did elsewhere. Small and Large skipper bucked the Yorkshire trend and increased here
Overall 7 species showed and increase and 8 species a decrease so a mixed fortunes. This is probably a good result over such a short period as most transects were down in 2020 compared with the long hot summer of 2019. A lareg decreace after the hot conditions of 2019 folowed by a mild extremely wet winter, extremely warm dry spring into a variabel sometimes wet summer of 2020 and species oscillated asa result. So to maintain numbers is good.
Numbers were almost identical over the first two years but there have been changes. The cabbage whites were up somewhat along with Small Tortoiseshells s but not as much as many other sites where there wer large increases. Large Skippers and Speckled Woods were up in contrast to other sites although similar to nearby damp site at Bishop Wood. There was a strong decrease in Ringlet and of course the migratory Painted Lady and Red Admiral and there was also smaller decreases in Small Copper Common Blue Green viened white and Small Skipper which is similar to bishop Wood and other sites Gatekeeper was also down a tad which matchs other sites.