Thorpe Marsh YWT
Recorders: Michael Townsend Walk Time= 12 sections 3550m
The land here was owned by the power station that used to stand just to the east, and the land has been managed by Yorkshire Wildlife Trust since before the power station closed. There is an old railway embankment that bisects the site, and the East Coast Mainline runs along the western edge. The Ea Beck is to the south. The island of land between all these areas meant it was never intensively farmed, and ridge and furrow landforms can still be seen in the fields. The land was purchased by the Central Electricity Generating Board in the 1960s for tipping fly ash on a large site to the east and beyond that the cooling towers of the old power station still stand. This has meant that a great mix of plant species have flourished. Its pastures lined with hedgerows, ponds, lakes and small woodlands have varied habitats. management is by Cattle grazing and an occasional mow in August and September. Scrub encroachment is dealt with by hand when in small areas and foot paths kept strimmed. Purple Hairstreask are seen amongst the mature oaks some years.
The very noticeable change is 2019 and 2020 is the rapid increase in particularly Meadow Brown in S7 meadows to double previous numbers. This area is also best for Common Blue, Small Copper, Small Skipper, Hedge Brown and Ringlet. Now section 4+5 is responding similarly. Speckled Wood prefers the woodland of S1 and S6 while Comma's and Peacocks prefer S8 and Large Skipper the longer grasses of S10.
Although numbers have increased significantly in 2020 it is dominated by Meadow Brown while many other species had big losses. Ringlets were well down but does require a damper environment than Meadow Brown and following the heat of 2019 and drought of spring 2020 could easily be responsible. However the Whites and Skippers are also down along with Orange Tip Again in common with many other transects. It is Common Blue that has suffered the most along with Brown Argus, Small Copper.Dingy Skipper was not recorded this year. In line with many other transects Small tortoiseshell saw an increase.
Michael Townsend summarises the year:
If one discounts the high numbers of Meadow Browns, 2020 was overall one of the worst three of the nineteen transect years. Only 2007 and 2008 were as bad. 2007 was the year of severe local flooding that also poured on to the nature reserve, affecting butterflies and forcing the missing of three weeks counts including the normal peak for Meadow Browns and Ringlets. The effects of the flooding probably led to reduced numbers in 2008.